Presented statistics are unweighted. The School Experience of Gay Students. In sum, previous research suggests that because nonheterosexual feelings are stigmatized, adolescents who experience same-sex attraction may become distressed and withdrawn.
Chicago Public High Schools. Add Health does not include information on sexual identity during adolescence. Same-sex attracted youth also appear less socially integrated in their schools:
This leads us to an important source of heterogeneity among the sexual minority youth in our study: J Consult Clin Psychol ; Differences were assessed using t -tests for ordinal and continuous variables and chi-square tests for categorical variables.
GACC a youth-led grassroots movement to make the U. Though social integration and risk factors such as depression and substance use do play a role in the academic performance of sexual minority boys, our findings do not offer a clear explanation for their lower academic success.
Students who become depressed or detached from their school and their teachers may demonstrate poor academic performance, especially if they become disengaged from schoolwork or begin missing days of school Needham et al. The Path to Dropping Out: Academic success and the ability to meet requirements for postsecondary education require successful interface between the adolescent and the institution, but students who are alienated from their school due to marginalizing social norms and hostile surroundings may be unable to negotiate this successfully.